Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


The Assessment of Anxiety and Depression and its Associated Factors in SLE

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Andrew Kwan, Patricia Katz and Zahi Touma*   Pages 90 - 98 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Depression and anxiety are common neuropsychiatric complaints in patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). While numerous studies have been performed to investigate the prevalence, impact, and associated factors of depression and anxiety, current literature presents mixed results. In particular, the prevalence of anxiety and depression varies substantially between studies due to methodological limitations, and heterogeneity in defining anxiety and depression, patient selection, and metrics used. Moreover, there is a lack of studies evaluating the validity, reliability, and interpretability of commonly used screening tools for depression and anxiety in SLE patients.

Result and Conclusion: Further investigations should aim to reach a consensus surrounding the role of controversial associated factors in depression and anxiety of SLE patients, while also focusing on the identification of novel factors that have not yet been highlighted in the literature.

Keywords:

Systemic lupus erythematosus, patient-reported outcomes, anxiety, depression, factors, autoimmune disease.

Affiliation:

University of Toronto Lupus Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Centre for Prognosis Studies in the Rheumatic Diseases, Toronto, Ontario, Department of Medicine, UCSF, Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, St, San Francisco, CA 94117, University of Toronto Lupus Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital, Centre for Prognosis Studies in the Rheumatic Diseases, Toronto, Ontario



Read Full-Text article