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Should the Ultrasound of Hands be a Component of Rheumatoid Arthritis Remission Criteria?

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Akasbi Nessrine*, Driouach Siham, Baya Meryem, El Fakir Samira and Harzy Taoufik   Pages 312 - 315 ( 4 )

Abstract:


Introduction: The definition of remission in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is still difficult to determine. An ultrasound of the hands may be important in helping confirm clinical remission.

Objective: This study’s aim was to evaluate the interest in using an ultrasound of the hands to confirm clinical remission, as well as comparing the various remission scores (DAS 28 VS, DAS 28 CRP, and SDAI) and the ultrasound data, in order to deduce the most accurate score to confirm this remission.

Methods: In this prospective monocentric study, we studied patients with rheumatoid arthritis in clinical remission, according to DAS 28 VS, for at least 3 months without corticosteroid therapy. An ultrasound mode B / Doppler of the hands was taken by an experienced rheumatologist, involving 22 joints: wrists, Metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints and proximal interphalangeal joints (PPI) bilaterally.

Results: Fifty-one patients were included. They were classified in remission according to DAS 28 VS as well as DAS 28 CRP, whereas the remission according to SDAI was achieved in 66.7% of our patients. Synovial hypertrophy and power Doppler were present in respectively 65% and 25% of the patients. SDAI was the most accurate score to confirm RA remission (p < 0.003).

Conclusion: SDAI appears to be the most appropriate score for the definition of remission in rheumatoid arthritis, but despite the use of the latter, ultrasound synovitis may still be present. Further work deserves to be done to clarify the value of ultrasound evaluation in the definition of RA remission.

Keywords:

Rheumatoid arthritis, remission, composite scores, hand ultrasound, rheumatic disease, clinical synovitis.

Affiliation:

Rheumatology Department, University Hospital Center, Hassan II Fez, Faculty of Medicine, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Rheumatology Department, University Hospital Center, Hassan II Fez, Faculty of Medicine, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University Hospital Center, Hassan II Fez, Faculty of Medicine, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University Hospital Center, Hassan II Fez, Faculty of Medicine, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez, Rheumatology Department, University Hospital Center, Hassan II Fez, Faculty of Medicine, University Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fez

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