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The Prevalence and Causes of Non-adherence to Immunosuppressive Medications in Patients with Lupus Nephritis Flares

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Ahmed Yamany Ali*, Tarek Samy Abdelaziz and Mervat Essam Behiry   Pages 245 - 248 ( 4 )

Abstract:


Background: Lupus nephritis is one of the major manifestations of SLE. Poor adherence to medications is an important cause of not achieving treatment targets.

Methods: We assessed patients’ adherence to immune-suppressive medications in patients with Lupus nephritis using the Morisky, Green, and Levine (MGL) Adherence Scale. The aim was to study the effect of non-adherence on the occurrence of renal flares.

Results: We recruited 104 patients with lupus nephritis. Sixty-six patients had flares of LN. There was a high prevalence of non-adherence to medications (n=68). Patients who were non-adherent to treatment had more renal flares (p= 0.02). Duration of lupus since diagnosis was significantly higher in patients who had renal flares. Using regression analysis, non-adherence to medications was associated with 3.7 higher risk of developing a single renal flare and 4.9 higher risk of developing more than one renal flare. Causes of non-adherence were medications side effects in 43% of patients, financial issues in 31% or forgetfulness in 26%.

Conclusion: Non-adherence to immunosuppressive medications has a high prevalence in patients with lupus nephritis and is correlated with the number of renal flares.

Keywords:

Lupus nephritis, systemic lupus erythromatosus, medication, adherence, immunosuppression, renal flares.

Affiliation:

Department of Internal Medicine, Kasr Alainy Medical School, Cairo University Hospitals, Cairo, Department of Internal Medicine, Kasr Alainy Medical School, Cairo University Hospitals, Cairo, Department of Internal Medicine, Kasr Alainy Medical School, Cairo University Hospitals, Cairo

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