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Etiological Features of Liver Involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Meriem Sellami *, Olfa Saidane , Ines Mahmoud , Aicha Ben Tekaya , Rawdha Tekaya and Leila Abdelmoula   Pages 332 - 336 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Background: Liver involvement is not considered a typical extra-articular manifestation and has rarely been studied in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

We aimed to identify the prevalence and aetiologies of liver disease in RA patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study included 150 patients with RA enrolled over 5 years (2010- 2015). The clinical and paraclinical features of RA were analyzed. The clinical and biological characteristics of liver impairment and its aetiologies were collected.

Results: One hundred and fifty RA patients (124 women) with a mean age of 57.09 years and a mean RA duration of 7.52 years were included. Liver involvement was diagnosed in 66 patients (44%). The liver disease was asymptomatic in 94% of the cases, revealed by increased gammaglutamyl transferase levels in 74% of the patients. The aetiologies of liver involvement were hepatotoxicity of medications in 38 cases (57%), hepatitis B and C in 14 patients (21%), fatty liver disease in 10 cases (15%), autoimmune liver disease in 2 patients (3%), hydatid cyst in 1 case (2%), and liver angiomas in 1 case (2%). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and methotrexate were the drugs most often involved in the genesis of hepatotoxicity (21% and 20% of the cases, respectively).

Conclusion: Liver involvement occurred in 44% of RA patients. Aetiologies were mainly hepatotoxicity and viral hepatitis B and C. Patients with RA should be systematically screened for liver disease, which is rarely symptomatic.

Keywords:

Diagnosis, hepatitis, hepatotoxicity, liver involvement, rheumatoid arthritis, extra-articular manifestations.

Affiliation:

Rheumatology Department, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Rheumatology Department, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Rheumatology Department, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Rheumatology Department, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Rheumatology Department, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, Rheumatology Department, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis



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