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Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody in Lupus Nephritis: Correlation with Clinicopathological Characteristics and Disease Activity

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Dina Said, Nearmeen Mohammed Rashad, Nora Said Abdelrahmanc and Ghada Aboelsaud Dawaa*   Pages 213 - 221 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Lupus nephritis (LN) represents 40%-50% of all systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) might be involved in the pathogenesis of LN.

Objective: We evaluated the role of myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA, proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA, and anti-glomerular basement membrane autoantibodies (anti-GBM autoAb) for the diagnosis of LN.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 95 SLE patients were divided into 2 subgroups: LN group (n = 60) and non-LN group (n = 35). For further analysis, we subclassified the LN group into ANCA- positive (n = 16) and ANCA-negative (n = 44) LN patients. The entire Non-LN group was ANCA- negative. The SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) was reported for each patient. Determination of MPO-ANCA, PR3-ANCA, and anti-GBM autoAb was performed using a novel multiplex bead-based technology in all patients. Data analyses were done using SPSS, version 20. Approval was obtained from the institutional review board of Zagazig University (ZU-IRB#6000).

Results: Of 95 patients with SLE, 16 patients (16.84%) had ANCA-positive LN, all of which were MPO-ANCA. There was a positive correlation between MPO-ANCA and SLEDAI, as well as with class IV LN. Receiver operating characteristic analyses revealed that the sensitivity and specificity of MPO-ANCA were 81.3% and 99.8%, respectively, in discriminating LN from systemic lupus without nephritis.

Conclusion: MPO-ANCA level was significantly correlated with SLEDAI, inflammatory markers, kidney function tests, and LN class IV.

Keywords:

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, Anti-proteinase 3, Lupus nephritis, myeloperoxidase, clinicopathological, Systemic lupus erythematosus.

Affiliation:

Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig

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