Elliot Hepworth, Mohammad Movahedi, Emmanouil Rampakakis*, Reza Mirza, Arthur Lau, Angela Cesta, Janet Pope, John. S. Sampalis, Claire Bombardier and OBRI investigators Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )
Objective: For patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) who do not achieve adequate clinical response with combined conventional synthetic disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARDs), initiation of advanced therapies such as biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) or targeted synthetic DMARDs (tsDMARDs) is recommended. Tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) are the oldest, and most commonly used subgroup of advanced therapies. In the last decade, new non-TNFi advanced therapy options have become available. We described the relative use of TNFi vs. non-TNFi in Ontario-based practices from 2008-2017.
Methods: Adult patients with RA enrolled in the Ontario Best Practices Research Initiative (OBRI) database who started bDMARDs or tsDMARDs anytime during, or within 30 days prior to enrollment were included. The proportion of patients treated with TNFi vs. non-TNFi agents between 2008 and 2017 was described for: all patients, and those initiating their first bDMARD/tsDMARD. All TNFi therapies are included. Non-TNFi included: Abatacept, Rituximab, Tocilizumab, and Tofacitinib.
Results: A total of 1,057 patients were included of whom 72.0% were bDMARD/tsDMARD naïve. In 2008, the relative non-TNFi use was 5.4% in all patients while it was 0% in bDMARD/tsDMARD-naïve patients. By 2017, the proportion of patients using non-TNFi increased to 33.8% among all patients and 33.3% in bDMARD/tsDMARD-naïve patients.
Conclusion: This descriptive analysis of data from the OBRI cohort reveals TNFi are still used in the majority of cases, however, there has been an increase in the use of non-TNFi therapies both overall and as first line advanced therapy. This trend towards non-TNFi therapies as first line advanced therapy may be partially explained by the shift in guideline recommendations from TNFi as first-line, to any of the advanced therapeutics.
Biologic, targeted synthetic disease, anti-rheumatic drugs, treatment, rheumatoid arthritis, bDMARDs, tsDMARDs.
Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, JSS Medical Research Inc., St-Laurent, Quebec, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Divisions of Rheumatology, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Medicine, Western University, London, ON, JSS Medical Research Inc., St-Laurent, Quebec, Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON